Early manufacturing software systems were designated MRP (Materials Resource Planning) programs. The basic functions of MRP systems included inventory control, bill of material processing and elementary scheduling. With the later addition of scheduling functionality, MRP became “MRP II”.
Coupling BI (business intelligence) capabilities with ERP (enterprise resource planning) systems can be a challenge. The integration is most easily achieved if you have a single ERP system working across your organization; with this consistency, less customization needed in order to accommodate the data, schema and reporting idiosyncrasies that are inevitable with multiple ERP implementations.
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